By S. W. Polachek, Solomon Polachek
The sequence examine in hard work Economics started in 1977 by way of Ronald Ehrenberg and JAI Press. Solomon Polachek has been editor considering that 1995. seeing that 2006, the sequence has benefited from affiliating with the Institute for the research of work (IZA) and was once prolonged to 2 volumes in step with yr. the 1st quantity continues to be within the culture of the sequence with empirical and theoretical papers in hard work economics. the second one quantity, that's edited through the Institute of the examine of work (IZA) is extra policy-oriented, within the spirit of IZA's specialise in coverage facets of work economics.
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Additional info for Accounting for Worker Well-Being, Volume 23
Low-powered incentives with firm control of the work routine occurs. This implies use of employees. Generally speaking, as 1 − p is lower ( p is higher), the forcing contract with employees emerges. As 2 is lower, the incentive pay regime is more likely to occur. If 2 is low enough to be located in region I, independent contractors are used. 5. Noncontractible Investment We take one further generalization to allow the parties to make noncontractible investment in assets (human or nonhuman). We assume that investments must be made ex-ante, that is, prior to (but in anticipation of) the choices of compensation regime, b1 or wN , effort, and r.
G Sample size All (1) Employees (2) Independent Contractors (3) Other Self-Empl. 46) 112,202 96,782 7170 5072 3178 JOHN GAREN Note: Standard deviations in parentheses. Source: 1995 and 1997 CPS Contingent Work/Alternative Work Arrangement supplements. a Age of respondent. b Years of schooling of respondent. c Dummy variable equal to one if respondent is white, zero otherwise. d Dummy variable equal to one if respondent is female, zero otherwise. e Dummy variable equal to one if respondent is married, zero otherwise.
The expected profit functions are labeled E(f ) and E(w ). For values of 2 above A, firm control of the work routine is more profitable. A higher 2 lowers b1 in either case. A lower b1 causes more distortion in r in the worker choice scenario, but less for firm choice, making the latter more profitable. Thus, where the value of worker output is difficult (costly) to measure or inherently variable (2 is large), firm control of the worker routine emerges. This involves a low level of incentive pay.