By Mark W. Moffett
Intrepid overseas explorer, biologist, and photographer Mark W. Moffett, "the Indiana Jones of entomology," takes us world wide on a wierd and colourful trip looking for the hidden global of ants. In stories from Nigeria, Indonesia, the Amazon, Australia, California, and in other places, Moffett recounts his entomological exploits and offers interesting information on how ants dwell and the way they dominate their ecosystems via strikingly human behaviors, but at a unique scale and a speedier pace. Moffett's miraculous close-up images scale back us all the way down to dimension, in order that we will realize ants in ordinary roles; warriors, developers, big-game hunters, and slave proprietors. we discover them growing marketplaces and meeting traces and working with matters we predict of as uniquely human--including hygiene, recycling, and conflict. Adventures between Ants introduces a few of the world's so much awe-inspiring species and provides a startling new standpoint at the limits of our personal perception.
<span id="caseCorrespondence_16467590545_text">* Ants are world-class street developers, dealing with complicated site visitors difficulties on thoroughfares that dwarf our street systems
* Ants take slaves from conquered armies and create societies depending on their labor
* Ants with the biggest societies frequently install advanced army tactics
* a few ants have advanced from hunter-gatherers into farmers, domesticating different animals and turning out to be particular plants for food</span>
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Abdomen of Lymantria monacha, with terminal segments extended (after Eidmann). , segment; v/v" v/v" v/v 3 , anterior, inner and lateral valves of ovipositor In higher Hymenoptera such as the wasps and bees the ovipositor is no longer used for laying eggs but has become modified to form a poison-injecting apparatus, the sting (Fig. I I). At rest this lies in a pocket within the seventh abdominal segment, from which it is exserted when in use. At the base of the sting are three pairs of plate-like sclerites - the quadrate, oblong and triangular plates.
The absence of legs and wings greatly- simplifies the myology of the abdomen but there are special muscles associated with the ovipositor and male genitalia. The principal abdominal muscles include the following (Fig. 15 B): (a) Dorsal longitudinal, whose origins and insertions are on the intersegmental folds. They form a series along each side of the heart. (b) Ventral longitudinal, which are the counterparts of (a) and lie on each side of the ventral nerve cord. (c) Dorsoventral, which are mostly tergostemal in their attachments.
Finally, the depressor of the trochanter (Fig. IS) represents a group of muscles with origins on the tergum, furca and ventral margin of the coxa. When the articulation between the femur and Fig. IS. Skeletal musculature A. Transverse section through thorax, showing intrinsic and some extrinsic muscles of leg. B. Transverse section through abdomen. ap, pleural apophysis; pl. l, ventral longitudinal muscle 50 OUTLINES OF ENTOMOLOGY trochanter is fixed, this muscle acts as a depressor of the leg.