Agrarian Relations in the Ottoman Empire in the 15th and by Vera P. Moutafchieva

By Vera P. Moutafchieva

Publication via Moutafchieva, Vera P.

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153 It should also be taken into account that these data are from the beginning of the seventeenth century, when certain changes in the timar system had already taken place. We can fmd absolutely reliable information about this matter in the timar registers. The oldest known register of timars in Rumelia dates from 1431, from the reign of Murat IT, and contains descriptions of timars that are mainly in today' s Macedonia, western Macedonia, and northern Greece. As there were formerly only partial registers of some districts included in Arvanidili, the ledger in question is in fact the result of the first general registration of the timars in Rumelia, and is, for this reason, of great significance for the study of the timar system in its initial form.

This situation was sanctioned by the legislature for ~ertain 26 AGRARIAN RELATIONS IN THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE Anatolian sancaks: "[The lands] which are not wholly mulk or vakiJ, but are together with has and timar .... "140 "From the villages in the Erzincan vitayet which were vakiJ, from ancient times 3/10-2 divani and 1 malikcme was taken, these being for the vakif. On the basis of practice until then, 2/10 divani and 1110 for the vakiJwas registered. The divan'i [portion] is a timar .... ' '141 Even in our own lands, where the system under discussion never existed legally, cases can be observed in which a part of the revenue of the vakiJ villages was gathered as a timar.

It is true that it is almost exclusively villages and hamlets that are featured in the registers of rimars. But was it actually villages and hamlets that were the objects of the rimar? The fact that, between the title deeds of the mulks and valdfs and the registration, renunciation, and transfer of rimar documents radical differences exist, gives rise to certain doubts in this connection. For example, in mulkname and vakifname issued on the basis of them, the estates mentioned are described in terms of their boundaries, which are given in the minutest detail.

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