Agricultural Development in Tanganyika by Hans Ruthenberg

By Hans Ruthenberg

In early 1961 the Ho-Institut fur Wirtschaftsforschung (Ho-Institute for fiscal study) tested an "African experiences Centre" with the aid of the Fritz-Thyssen-Foundation to behavior study into the commercial and political difficulties of constructing international locations, with spe cial connection with the African international locations. by way of investigations into thestructure and customers of improvement within the constructing international locations, the reviews Centre will goal at contributing in the direction of the production of a real foundation, at the foundation of which the Federal Republic's boost ment coverage could be performed successfully. during this "age of improvement" the social and fiscal sciences are faced with manifold projects. In fixing those, interdisciplinary co operation will turn out helpful or even crucial, if unsuitable and slender decisions are to be refrained from. Co-operation among scientists and institutes engaged in numerous branches of analysis will make attainable a greater und er status of the complicated sensible dating which verify fiscal occasions and their mutations open air Western commercial society than may be commonly completed via an remoted strategy. clever total financial making plans, for instance, calls for technological research simply up to an exact wisdom of social constitution or actual context. At this aspect the economist needs to co-operate heavily with the engineer if he needs to prevent wasting his manner typically styles of progress. For, "des lors que nous parions (du developpement) en quantites globales, nous ne parions de rien" (LoUIs ]OSEPH LEBRET).

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The Report of the World Bank indicates that 35 per cent of the market supply Table 7. Type 0/ Farm by Predominant Activity (1958) Type Number of Farms cereals . sisal . coffee ranches mixed farming tobacco oilseeds sugar tea pyrethrum seed beans kapok. papain. wattle . rubber. cinchona. not specified 155 151 132 106 105 60 52 30 25 21 19 19 10 Total 898 7 1 1 4 Note: According to the census, these 898 farms constitute 75-85 per cent of the non-african farms. The remaining 15-25 per cent consist of relatively unimportant sm all farms.

This (3) in turn leads to the cattle having less fodder, and (4) in particularly bad years to los ses caused by lack of fodder. These los ses mean that the farmers have to replace cattle and, to do this, need to earn money, which in turn results in even more cotton being grown. Thus the economic benefit of cotton production is largely consumed by cattle. Chapter C Achievements of Tanganyika's Agriculture I. Production Reviewing Tanganyika's agricultural development du ring the last ten years, we find that the standard of husbandry is still very low, measured by what is known and what is economically practicable under existing conditions.

Light permitting, be ans are grown nearest the grollnd; above them come the coffee trees, which in turn grow in the shade of bananas. The smaller the farm the more preference is given to bananas, because under present methods of cultivation they yield in terms of money the biggest gross returns per acre. BECK'S study in 1961, a particularly bad year, shows that an average 3-acre holding of this type yielded gross returns of 1880 shs. The main outlay was the wages bill for outside labour. One third of the families derived an income from outside the farms, usually by working on the estates.

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