By Ray Upton et al. (eds.)
Winner of the James A. Duke Award for Excellence in Botanical Literature Award from the yankee Botanical CouncilCompiled by means of the yankee natural Pharmacopoeia®, this quantity addresses the inability of authoritative microscopic descriptions of these medicinal plant species presently in alternate. It contains an atlas delivering specific textual content and photograph descriptions of greater than one hundred forty medicinal plant species and their adulterants. Designed to fulfill the desires of the natural items undefined, regulatory organisations, and educational researchers, the publication covers plant anatomy at a degree applicable for the pharmacogn. Read more...
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From the earliest records of medical history, the knowledge of identifying and cataloging plants was captured in the many ancient stones, bones, papyri, and texts of herbal medicine and was the domain of herbalists, who were the original physicians. For centuries, botany was considered a subdiscipline of medicine because the identification of plants used in the development of drugs was a prerequisite for all physicians prior to the rise of pharmacy as a separate discipline. The integration of the profession of medicine and medicinal plants was so strong that still, today, graduates of Yale Medical School (United States) wear black robes and a green cap; the green is in honor of the plants that provide the medicines.
The writings of Dioscorides remained authoritative for several hundred years and these early treatises of illustrated medical botany were the precursors of modern pharmacognosy. The Renaissance period was characterized by numerous exquisitely illustrated herbals such as those of Leonhart Fuchs (Germany; 1501–1566) and Pier Andrea Mattioli (Italy; 1501–1577). 5) and America’s Jacob Bigelow (1787–1879) are only a few 9 examples of the many treatises of medical botany that represented materia medica in Europe and the United States.
From Hooke, R. 1665. ) Thus, botanical microscopy emerged as an essential and often dominant tool in the analytical armamentarium of the early pharmacognosist. For approximately the next 80 years, numerous texts on the microscopic analysis of plant medicines were published. 8), Öberle and Berg (Germany; 1939), Wallis (England; 1909), Greenish (England; 1933), and in the United States, Sayre (1905) and Youngken (1926). indb 12 the “child of the microscope” (Shellard 1983). These early works provided detailed anatomical descriptions and illustrations of the medicinal part of the plant used, usually in its whole form, but quickly came to include descriptions of powders as well, which, as happens today, were frequently traded.