An Introduction to the Philosophy of Knowledge by Jennifer Trusted (auth.)

By Jennifer Trusted (auth.)

A brief account of the philosophy of information for college students examining philosophy for the 1st time. It additionally serves as a common creation to these attracted to the topic. Jennifer relied on examines the character of philosophy as an issue for examine and means that it has sensible use in addition to highbrow charm because it is anxious with constructing our realizing via severe appraisal of the suggestions we use, so making our difficulties transparent. Dr depended on additionally seems on the method of a few of the top philosophers of the western international to the philosophy of information. The perspectives of Plato, Aristotle, Descartes, Locke, Berkeley, Hume and Kant are thought of. There are chapters mostly concerned about the perspectives of the twentieth-century philosophers: A.J. Ayer and Norman Malcolm. The concluding bankruptcy summarises a number of the methods and how they give a contribution to clarifying our ideas.

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The kinds 0 f questions which philosophers ask and how they try to answer them. But there is more to philosophy than this: by encouraging critical thought it can free us from dogmatism, from assuming that our own ideas and/or the received ideas of our society are the only ones worth considering, and that our customary beliefs are beyond question. Russell says that by studying philosophy we become free of the tyranny of custom, we arc liberated from our private world of self-interest and our horizons are extended: The man who has no tincture of philosophy goes through life imprisoned in the prejudices derived from common sense, from the habitual beliefs of his age or his nation, and from convictions which have grown up in his mind without the co-operation or consent of his deliberate reason.

He may well be ridiculed and perhaps may be persecuted but it is his duty to help others to the light. From knowledge there will be goodness and this is the end for which the philosopher, and, in the ideal Platonic state the philosopher king, should strive. But there is another personal aspiration for each philosopher. The study of philosophy educates the soul of the philosopher and prepares it for the true life which could follow death. After release from the prison of the body, the soul could stay permanently in the world of Univerals and never more be polluted by a material body.

2. ' 'The question is,' said Humpty Dumpty, 'which is to be master - that's all' (Alice Through the Looking Glass, ch. VI) 3. J am not concerned with the metaphorical uses of these words. 2 Plato's View of Knowledge Plato (427-347 BC) lived in Athens. He was the son of a well-to-do citizen and he had no need to work in order to live comfortably; but he believed that it was a man's duty to contribute to the welfare of his fellow citizens. He founded the Academy at Athens, which was to provide a liberal education for young men who would be future leaders in the city state.

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