Argument, Inference and Dialectic: Collected Papers on by Robert C. Pinto (auth.)

By Robert C. Pinto (auth.)

Chapters 1-12 of this quantity comprise the papers on infonnal good judgment and argumentation that i have released and/or learn at meetings over the past 17 years. those papers are reproduced the following pretty well unchanged from their first visual appeal; it's my goal that their visual appeal right here represent a checklist of my positions and arguments on the time in their unique e-book or supply. i have made minor adjustments in fonnat, within the sort of references, etc., for the sake of consistency; i have additionally corrected typographical error and so forth. the single huge alterations in wording ensue within the previous few pages of bankruptcy 7, and have been made basically to permit the reader to work out extra in actual fact what i used to be getting at in my first try and write in regards to the suggestion of coherence. bankruptcy thirteen was once written expressly for this quantity. It appears to be like retrospectively on the contents of the 1st 12 chapters and makes an attempt to focus on the unifying topics that run via them. It additionally revisits the tips approximately dialectic that occupied my first in mild of later advancements in my considering but in addition re­ paper, remodeling them emphasizing subject matters approximately which i have tended to stay silent within the previous couple of years.

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Extra resources for Argument, Inference and Dialectic: Collected Papers on Informal Logic with an Introduction by Hans V. Hansen

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One can see more clearly what's involved here by distinguishing two types of case in which support is overridden by addition information. 11 In one type of case, additional information overrides the evidence for the conclusion because it provides stronger evidence for the negation of the conclusion. The example in the preceding paragraph is of this type: that you are in a coma today is a reason for thinking you will not be flying to Paris tomorrow. But there is another type of case in which the additional information cancels the support provided by the original premisses without providing evidence for the negation of the conclusion.

Yeltsin may be someone whom 1 respect but don't like; Gorbachev may be someone whom I hold in awe. Moreover, such attitudes toward nonpropositional objects seem to have an effect both on the judgements that we make about those objects and on other propositional attitudes we adopt regarding them. If 1 dislike Yeltsin, I am more likely to notice that he has flaws; if I like him, I am more likely to want him to succeed. One could take the view that such intrusions of "emotion" into our cognitive lives are failings to be avoided and resisted.

131-133. Price orients himself from Locke's view on probability (articulated in the Essay concerning Human Understanding, Book IV, chapter 15) and the work of the British philosopher Cook Wilson. Being convinced that a proposition is false is equivalent to being convinced that the negation of the proposition is true. Hence this sixth doxastic attitude amounts to the first doxastic attitude with a negative propositional content. , the strains of a transition to a more market oriented economy in the Soviet Union, together with the strains of growing nationalisms, could unleash the sorts of forces that bring down heads of state).

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