Atmospheric Thermodynamics by J. V. Iribarne

By J. V. Iribarne

The thermodynamics of the ambience is the topic of severai chapters in such a lot textbooks on dynamic meteorology, yet there is not any paintings in English to provide the topic a particular and extra huge therapy. In writing the current textbook, we've got attempted to fiII this really notable hole within the literature relating to atmospheric sciences. Our objective has been to supply scholars of meteorology with a booklet that could play a job just like the textbooks on chemical thermodynamics for the chemists. this suggests a prior wisdom of common thermodynamics, resembling scholars gather often physics classes; for this reason, even if the elemental ideas are reviewed (in the urst 4 chapters), they're basically in short mentioned, and emphasis is laid on these themes that wilI be priceless in later chapters, via their software to atmospheric difficulties. No try has been made to introduce the thermodynamics ofirreversible tactics; nonetheless, attention of heterogeneous and open homogeneous structures allows a rigorous formula of the thermodynamic services of c10uds (exclusive of any attention of microphysical results) and a greater knowing of the approx­ imations frequently implicit in sensible applications.

Show description

Read or Download Atmospheric Thermodynamics PDF

Best thermodynamics books

Introduction to the Thermodynamics of Solids (Applied Mathematical Sciences)

There's a huge and growing to be hole among what's coated in most basic thermodynamics classes and what's utilized in present examine on nonlinear phenomena encountered in solids. In an try to fill that hole, Professor Ericksen has drawn on his adventure in study on solids, to plan a sequence of lectures for graduate scholars from quite a few departments on the college of Minnesota.

Black Hole Physics. Basic Concepts and New Developments

This quantity on black holes might be visible as a sequel to Physics of Black Holes, released via Kluwer educational Publishers in 1989. The authors are acknowledged specialists of their box, and feature a long time' adventure in educating classes on common relativity and black holes. the current paintings covers virtually all features of black gap physics and its astrophysical purposes.

Hydrodynamics, Mass, and Heat Transfer in Chemical Engineering

Hydrodynamics, Mass and warmth move in Chemical Engineering features a concise and systematic exposition of basic difficulties of hydrodynamics, warmth and mass move, and physicochemical hydrodynamics, which represent the theoretical foundation of chemical engineering in technology. components coated contain: fluid flows; techniques of chemical engineering; mass and warmth move in airplane channels, tubes and fluid movies; difficulties of mass and warmth move; the movement and mass alternate of power-law and viscoplastic fluids via tubes, channels, and flicks; and the fundamental ideas and houses of very particular technological media, specifically foam platforms.

Extra resources for Atmospheric Thermodynamics

Sample text

We can, in general, reduce the irreversibility of these processes by modifying their paths so that the difference between the actual values of the state variables and the values that would correspond to an equilibrium state is reduced through all the stages of the process. If we continue doing this indefinitely, we tend to a common limit for processes producing either one change or its opposite. This limit is called a reversible process, as we have already seen in Chapter 1, Section 8. A reversible process is thus an ideal limit, which cannot actually be realized but to which one can approximate indefinitely, and may be defined as a series of states that differ infinitesimally from equilibrium and succeed each other infinitely slowly, while the variables change in a continuous way.

40 ATMOSPHERIC THERMODYNAMICS It is, therefore, impossible to construct a cyclic device that will produce work (A O). This impossibility of a "perpetuum mobile of the second kind" is Lord Kelvin's statement of the second principle. If we now consider a system performing a cycle between two sources TI and T 2 < Ti , without any production or consuniption of work, we shall have QI + Qz ~ O TI Tz but by hypothesis and the first law (A =0, QI + Qz =0), QI = - Qz = Q.

Il-3. (d ) Thermodynamic surface for ideal gases and projections on p, v; p, T and v, T plane~. , for an adiabatic process. This constant may be used to help specify a particular system, such as a volume element of dry air. Its value does not change for any adiabatic process, and we say that potential temperature is conserved for adiabatic processes. Conservative processes are important in Meteorology since they enable us to trace the origin and subsequent history of air masses and air parcels, acting as tags (or tracers).

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.93 of 5 – based on 36 votes