By Bjorn M. Felder, Paul J. Weindling
The historical past of eugenics within the Baltic States is essentially unknown. The e-book compares for the 1st time the eugenic tasks of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania and the similar disciplines of racial anthropology and psychiatry, and situates them in the wider eu context. powerful ethno-nationalism outlined the country as a organic team, which was once fostered by way of authoritarian regimes verified in Lithuania in 1926, and in Estonia and Latvia in 1934. The eugenics tasks have been designed to set up a country in organic phrases. Their goals have been to render the country ethnically, genetically and racially homogeneous. the most schedule was once a non-democratic nation that outlined its inhabitants in organic phrases. Eugenic rules have been to regenerate the state and to reconstruct it as a "pure" and "original" race, Such schemes for nationwide regeneration contained powerful parts of secular faith.
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Additional info for Baltic Eugenics : Bio-Politics, Race and Nation in Interwar Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania 1918-1940
And Engstrom, E. J. (2006), “Zwischen klinischen Krankheitsbildern und psychischer Volkshygiene: Emil Kraepelin 1856–1926” Deutsches Ärzteblatt, 13 October 2006, 2685-2690. Weindling, P. (1991), Health, Race and German Politics between National Unification and Nazism, 1870 - 1945. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press. Weindling, P. (2003), Epidemics and Genocide in Eastern Europe 18901945, Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press. Weiss, S. F. (1987), Race Hygiene and National Efficiency: the Eugenics of Wilhelm Schallmayer.
2001), “Die Entstehung des autoritären Regimes in Litauen 1926 - Umstände, Legitimation, Konzeption” in: Oberländer, E. ), Autoritäre Introduction 27 Regime in Ostmittel- und Südosteuropa 1919-1944. Paderborn: Schöningh, 95-142. Lujga, I. (1904), Prizrenie duševnobol'niyh v Pribaltijskom krae [The Medical care for Mental Illnesses in the Baltic Provinces]. Dorpat: Universität Dorpat. Lūke, J. (1939), Rāsu Lietā [About Race]. Riga: Autora Izdevums. Lusis, J. (1973), Problemy genetiki i evoljucii [Problems of Genetics and Evolution].
In central and south east Europe this presumed dichotomy overlooks a spectrum of eugenic lobbies within each national context. Again, the Baltic context adds considerably to this complexity as we find a spectrum between Lithuania, that lacked a eugenics society, and the more Nordic Estonia that had a range of eugenic institutions as well as sterilisation legislation. Sterilisation policies well Race, Eugenics and National Identity in the Eastern Baltic 41 illustrate this complexity in the Baltic states as where there was legislation (as Estonia 1936 and Latvia in 1937) it came late and appears to have been limited in impact.