By Herbert N. Foerstel
From colonial occasions to the current, the media in the USA has been topic to censorship demanding situations and laws. This complete reference consultant to media censorship presents in-depth assurance of every media format?newspapers, magazines, movies, radio, tv, and the Internet?all of that have been, and remain, battlegrounds for First modification concerns. every one media layout is tested in-depth, from its origins and background via its sleek improvement, and contours dialogue of landmark incidents and circumstances. Foerstel, writer of Banned within the america, the acclaimed reference consultant to ebook censorship in colleges and public libraries, bargains a quick heritage of media censorship, examines in-depth the drama of 7 landmark incidents, and comprises 31 suitable complaints. Complementing the quantity are own interviews with favourite sufferers of media censorship, who provide human voice to the fight of the media to stay unfastened, and an exam of censorship of the scholar press. attention-grabbing examples of media censorship abound, from Peter Zengers prerevolutionary trial for seditious libel to the fashionable tobacco industrys invocation of tortious interference to silence tv information and the present rash of net censorship incidents. bankruptcy 1 bargains a short heritage of censorship of every of the media kinds. bankruptcy 2 gains indepth research of 7 landmark media censorship incidents: the trial of John Peter Zenger, H. L. Mencken and the hatrack case, John Henry Faulk and the radio blacklist, revolutionary magazines expos^De at the H-bomb mystery, executive labeling of 3 documentary motion pictures as political propaganda, televisions tobacco wars, and Carnegie Mellons try and censor scholars entry to the web. bankruptcy three examines 31 media censorship proceedings from 1735 to 1997. bankruptcy four positive aspects specific interviews with media figures considering censorship concerns or cases?Paul Jarrico, Howard Morland, Peter Sussman, Daniel Schorr, Walter Cronkite, and Jerry Berman. Appendix A takes a glance at censorship and reaction concerning the pupil press in the course of the Nineties, after the landmark Hazelwood selection in 1988?an very important subject for college students in each highschool. Appendix B incorporates a source checklist of media advocacy and censorship corporations. a particular bibliography of books and digital assets completes the textual content. This quantity is of curiosity to highschool and school scholars, lecturers, librarians and students, and all those people who are suffering from those the most important First modification concerns.
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Additional resources for Banned in the Media A Reference Guide to Censorship in the Press, Motion Pictures, Broadcasting, and the Internet
69 NBC also expressed doubt that Congress would honor its promised moritorium on legislation affecting television programming. " The fact that McCain said these assurances would not extend to NBC or other networks that did not accept the new rating system cast some doubt on their "voluntary" nature. "This was voluntary in that we did not dictate the terms of the agreement, and yes, we expect everyone to comply with it," said McCain. "70 But even the networks that accepted the new system expressed fear that content-based ratings would scare off advertisers and make shows easy targets for boycotts by interest groups.
Tacked on a "sex and drugs" rider expanding the scope of the bill into broader First Amendment territory. Simon's bill eventually regained its focus on violence and garnered enough bipartisan support to pass. In December 1990, President George Bush signed the Television Violence Act, granting the television networks, cable operators and independent stations three years of immunity from antitrust regulations to allow them to establish voluntary guidelines for television violence. Many in the industry feared that the standards would leave the networks open to First Amendment lawsuits.
55 At least one network, the Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS), re- 34 • Banned in the Media quired loyalty oaths that pledged employees to anticommunism. Every network had a vice president in charge of programs who used a "little black book" to screen employees. Fred W. " Friendly remembered one event at CBS that he felt represented all the noxious atmosphere of the period. "Murrow and I never believed in background or mood music for documentaries," he explained, "but we did want to commission an original composition for the opening and closing titles and credits of our broadcasts....