Biomedical informatics. Computer applications in health care by Edward H. Shortliffe

By Edward H. Shortliffe

The perform of recent medication and biomedical study calls for refined info applied sciences with which to control sufferer info, plan diagnostic methods, interpret laboratory effects, and perform investigations. Biomedical Informatics offers either a conceptual framework and a pragmatic idea for this rapidly rising clinical self-discipline on the intersection of laptop technological know-how, choice technological know-how, info technological know-how, cognitive technology, and biomedicine. Now revised and in its third variation, this article meets the becoming call for through practitioners, researchers, and scholars for a entire creation to key themes within the field. Authored via leaders in clinical informatics and widely established of their classes, the chapters during this quantity represent an efficient textbook for college students of clinical informatics and its components of software. The publication can also be an invaluable reference paintings for person readers wanting to appreciate the position that pcs can play within the provision of scientific providers and the pursuit of organic questions. the amount is prepared in order first to give an explanation for easy recommendations after which to demonstrate them with particular structures and applied sciences.

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2, the medical record is the incarnation of a complex set of organizational processes, which both gather information to be shared and then distribute that information to those who have valid reasons for accessing it. Paper-based documents are severely limited in meeting the diverse requirements for data collection and information access that are implied by this diagram. 2 Recurring Issues that Must Be Addressed There are at least four major issues that have consistently constrained our efforts to build effective patient record systems: (1) the need for standards in the area of clinical terminology; (2) concerns regarding data privacy, confidentiality, and security; (3) challenges of data entry by physicians; and (4) difficulties associated with the integration of record systems with other information resources in the health care setting.

Will health workers gradually be replaced by computers? 16. Moore’s Law. Former Intel chairman Gordon Moore is credited with popularizing the “law” that the size and cost of microprocessor chips will half every 18 months while they double in computing power. This graph shows the exponential growth in the number of transistors that can be integrated on a single microprocessor by two of the major chip manufacturers. 17. The National Library of Medicine (NLM). The NLM, on the campus of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) in Bethesda, Maryland, is the principal biomedical library for the nation (see Chapter 15).

8. Communications networks are increasingly found in outpatient practice settings, including small office practices, but much of their value is enhanced when they are linked through gateways to the Internet and to information resources, organizations, and individuals beyond their own doors. Emergence of a Discipline 17 and order-entry systems used in these same practice environments. 7). If the submission of data for research or surveillance purposes requires an extra step, or special effort by busy clinicians, the process likely will fail, regardless of the good intentions of practitioners.

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