Brickyards to Graveyards:From Production to Genocide in by Villia Jefremovas

By Villia Jefremovas

Explores how the stipulations that formed Rwanda's hard work association and industries additionally formed Rwanda's genocide.

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Extra info for Brickyards to Graveyards:From Production to Genocide in Rwanda (S.U.N.Y. Series in Anthropology of Work)

Example text

Table 1 illustrates the difference: the larger the kiln, the higher the profits. The entrepreneurs in this study considered a kiln of 40,000 Making Bricks and Roof Tiles in Rwanda: Technology and Process 31 the minimum size for a clamp-fired kiln,10 but kilns this small were rare. On the other end, although only very large entrepreneurs fired a kiln as large as 150,000 bricks, this size kiln was still common. In the clamp-firing process, all the bricks on the outside of the kiln and lining the fire holes are lost and there is additional breakage of the bricks close to the fire or to the surface.

The nature of the technology and the market between 1983 and 1988 imposed serious limitations on the tile industry in Rwanda. The adobe kilns hold only 3,000 to 5,000 tiles and need a minimum of 300 bricks to make the internal walls of the fire holes. The alternative technologies do not provide substantial economies of scale and require extensive investments. Such investments are not feasible because the market for tiles is a rural peasant market with limited resources. In the 1980s, most peasants bought only 500 to 3,000 tiles to roof a home and an even smaller number of bricks for gutters and as facing for foundations.

This man was the son of the hill’s traditional healer, who was his father’s second wife. He lived in a small round, thatched hut. One of his children showed signs of kwashiorkor (protein malnutrition). His eldest half brother had been a “large” tile entrepreneur by the standards of Gatovu, and another half brother was a professor at the University in Butare and lived right beside Gakuzi in one of the only brick homes in Gatovu. Gakuzi had worked at ISAR (Intitut des Sciences Agronomiques de Rwanda, the national agricultural research station) since 1975 as a day laborer in the fields during the wet seasons.

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