Bureaucracy and the Labor Process: The Transformation of U. by Dan Clawson

By Dan Clawson

This booklet makes the argument, supported by means of wealthy and large historic learn into unique resources, that it's attainable to revolutionize paintings in order that it may be, within the author's phrases, "satisfying, inventive, and stimulating while that it truly is materially effective: we will be able to have fabric abundance in addition to fascinating work." instead of argue the difficulty within the summary, Clawson investigates the advance of business administration within the past due nineteenth-century usa, while inside of contracting and the craft approach ruled construction. He examines the best way the imposition of the manufacturing facility process elevated the capitalists' keep watch over over the exertions strategy, and describes the impression of recent expertise at the classification fight, concluding that the fight is especially a lot alive and is still the one potential in which to lead to a destiny socialist association of labor.

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Nonetheless, this factor was important enough "for some contemporaries to advocate the use of '"Reinhani Bendix is one of the few sociologists to deal with the history ofmanage­ ment attempts to control the workforce. UnfortUnately, despite its title, Wwk ami �tlMrily in Indflstry, his work deals neither with work nor authority, but I'l1therwith ideologies ofmanagement. Moreover, he often writes the kind ofhistory [hat comes from believing in the smooth operation of a free marker, and all the ideological paraphemalia which goes with that, and proje(ting back as fact tbe way history must have been, giventhat there was a free market.

Such struggles are chanu::terized by Szymanski as a backward-looking defense ofthe individual privileges of a $lIlall minority of "craft" workers which inhibilS the more effective suuggle of labot for coUective control of the economy throush political means. (1978: 35) The Origins 0/Industrial Bureaucracy 33 cerned nor with the surface appearance ofTaylorism, with the specific mechanics of his system, but rather with the way in which Taylorism marked a fundamental change in the control of the labor process.

58 Bureaucracy and the Lahor Process The social control aspects of this change represent very important gains for the capitalist, and Marx discusses them, but social control is not the only gain: there is a technical increase in productivity as well. In this central workshop the workers cooperate, each performing a detailed pan of the whole. The work remains the same: the same processes are performed, with the same tools and equipment, in the same way, as before. But the tasks each worker performs change: no worker performs the whole opecacion, everyone does amoce limited nwnber ofprocesses over and over.

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