Catholics and Sultans: The Church and the Ottoman Empire by Charles A. Frazee

By Charles A. Frazee

This booklet surveys the kinfolk among Catholics inside and outside the Ottoman Empire from 1453 to 1923. After the autumn of Constantinople the single huge Latin Catholic staff to be included into the sultan's area have been the Genoese who lived in Galata, around the Golden Horn from the Byzantine capital. Over the following few many years Turkish armies driven into the Balkans, overrunning the Catholic inhabitants of Albania, Bosnia and Hungary. within the Orient, the 16th century observed the Maronites of Lebanon, the Latins of Palestine and many of the Greek islands, which as soon as held Latin Catholic groups, come less than Turkish rule. Papal reaction to the lack of those groups was once before everything a decision to the campaign, yet reaction from West eu monarchs used to be disappointing. Their matters have been in the direction of domestic. French curiosity, notwithstanding, lay in an alliance with the Turks opposed to the Habsburgs. As an advantage, the Catholics of the Ottoman global obtained a protector on the Porte within the individual of the French ambassador. The e-book lines the next historical past of the Latin Catholics and every of the jap Catholic church buildings within the Ottoman Empire until eventually its dissolution in 1923.

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In 1562 Mikael sent a second delegation to Rome. It had three members: Abgar of Tokat, his son Sultan and a priest, Agheksanter. They carried a profession of the Catholic faith by the catholicos, a list of the churches and monasteries of his jurisdiction, a copy of a medieval forgery which recounted a meeting between Pope Sylvester and the Armenian apostle, Gregory the Illuminator, and a letter imploring the pope to come to Armenia's assistance. The catholicos confided to Pope Pius IV, 'the time is near when we will be freed from captivity through your efforts'.

17 Attack upon Balkan Catholics 43 THE STRUGGLE FOR HUNGARY CONTINUES At the conclusion of the War of the Holy League in 1540, for a period of months, Siileyman rested. He wanted to consolidate all of the gains he had made and to reform the administration of the Empire, but this rare interval of quiet was broken by information received that Hungary was once more endangered by the Habsburgs. His vassal Zapolya had no heir; hence the direction of the kingdom in the voivode's later years had fallen into the hands of his chief minister, the bishop Gyorgy Martinuzzi.

It also coincided with a time of great social unrest in Eastern Europe. There a rapacious nobility sought to enjoy extravagant pleasures wrung from the toil of a suffering peasantry and at the same time to limit the powers of the central government lest it be forced to make some sacrifices for the good of the nation. Finally, the Ottoman sovereign was fortunate that the two strongest Catholic powers of Europe, France and the Habsburgs, were locked in combat for years, dissipating whatever strength a united Europe might have been able to gather to thwart his plans.

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