By David J. Kalupahana
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Extra resources for Causality: The Central Philosophy of Buddhism
91 This does not mean that the Buddha despised the beliefs of common sense. ” 92 Therefore, the Buddha refor mulates the question without leaving room for the introduction of any substantive ego, an atman. ” 94 To say something about the self, according to the Buddha, is to say some thing about sense experiences. In making these arguments, the Buddha rejected the Upanisadic conception of m oral responsibility, which in turn was based on the theory of self-causation. The inherent conflict in the Upanisadic theory of self-causa tion could not lie dorm ant forever.
As for the other beings who came later, they thought that the being who appeared first was their creator. This story exposes the fallacy of the idea of creation o f the world 22 by an almighty G od and perhaps also indicts the view that the prior or the preceding is always the cause of the subsequent. The Buddha’s objection to the view that the world of beings, with their happiness and suffering, is created by an om nipotent and omniscient G od is based mainly on two grounds. First, it denies the doctrine of the moral responsibility of man, and second, it is detrimental to the religious life.
2) Accounts in the histories of philosophical systems such as the Saddarsanasamuccaya and Sarvadarsanasamgraha, which, though their authors may belong to a particular faith, present the views o f the Materialists as a comprehensive whole. In this category may be included the account of Materialism found in the Santi-parvan of the Mahabharata ,4 (3) The Tattvopaplavasimha of Jayarasi Bhatta is a unique work, being the only treatise on M aterialism belonging to a Materialistic school. There is no doubt that the information supplied by the sources of the first category is the earliest.