By Thomas Wynn, Frederick L. Coolidge
"Cognitive types in Palaeolithic Archaeology grew out of a really expert thematic consultation that we geared up for the 2013 assembly of the ecu Society for the research of Human Evolution"--Preface.
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Extra resources for Cognitive models in palaeolithic archaeology
Studies with the Wason selection task. Cognition, 31, 187–276. , & McGrew, W. C. (2005). Stone tools and the uniqueness of human culture. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, 11(4), 793–815. , & Noble, W. (1989). The archaeology of perception: traces of depiction and language. Current Anthropology, 30, 125–155. , & Noble, W. (1993). Tools and language in human evolution. In K. Gibson & T. ), Tools, language, and cognition in human evolution (pp. 263–288). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
6. Expert performance is limited to narrow domains of activity. Chess masters have no advantage in checkers or Go. 7. Experts’ responses appear largely automatic, requiring little in the way of active attention. Expertise in the guise of master-level performance is impressive, but as a style of thinking it is not limited to a talented few. It is in fact a very common form of cognition. We all have domains of expertise: driving an automobile, keyboarding, cooking, and so forth. Driving a motor vehicle is one common example of expertise practised by many adults living in industrial societies.
For example, Neandertals used birch pitch to haft Levallois points (manufactured with a prepared-core technique) onto shafts to function as stone-tipped spears. Compound technology is a subcategory of composite technology that employs mixtures of materials such as certain glues and adhesives. , 2006; Rots, Van Peer, & Vermeersch, 2011). , 2015; Wadley, 2010). 36 36 Cognitive Models in Pal aeolithic Archaeology Compared to prepared-core technologies, our analysis reveals that expert performance characteristics for compound and composite technologies are similar for the first five categories in our model.