By Conrad G. Keyes Jr., Michael P. Fahy, Berrin Tansel
Focus administration in Desalination: Case stories stories the state-of-the-practice for handling focus streams caused by desalination procedures. focus administration and disposal in desalination pose environmental and value issues and infrequently verify no matter if a desalination undertaking is workable, specially for inland groups. This file examines many aspects of focus administration in desalination, together with method layout and configuration, regulatory atmosphere, environmental concerns, and fiscal review of tasks. Twelve case reviews are provided to illustrate various options for eliminating concentrates linked to the next sorts of tasks: 0 liquid discharge (ZLD) and near-ZLD disposal; discharge to oceans and bays; deep-well injection, land software, and evaporation ponds; and discharge to sanitary sewers or floor waters. Environmental engineers and executives chargeable for the layout, operation, study, and overview of neighborhood desalination and water reuse amenities will discover a wealth of useful info during this record
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Extra info for Concentrate Management in Desalination: Case Studies
And Nakao, S. (2001). , and Juby, G. (2005). State-of-science and emerging and promising technologies for brine disposal and minimization for reverse osmosis desalination. In ACE 2005, AWWA Annual Conference and Exposition, San Francisco, California, 12-16 June 2005. Skehan, S. J. (2000). , May, 19-21. , and Fitzpatrick, C. (1997). Disposal of reverse osmosis membrane concentrate. Desalination, 108(1-3): 143-147. Tansel, B. and Sosnikhina, I. (2009). “Cost Comparison of Membrane Treatment and Concentrate Management Practices at Drinking Water Treatment Plants in Florida,” Proceedings of the World Environmental & Water Resources Congress 2009, Kansas City, Missouri, May 17-21, 2009.
Shrimp). Gacia et al. (2007) reported some of the 26 CONCENTRATE MANAGEMENT IN DESALINATION negative effects of concentrate discharge on meadows of endemic seagrass Posidonia oceanica. , 2000). Appendix A-2 presents case studies of plants that discharge concentrate to surface waters. Extensive mathematical modeling may be needed to simulate the hydrodynamics and particulate transport within the estuarine system as in the case of Joe Mullins Reverse Osmosis Water Treatment Facility, Melbourne, Florida (Appendix A-2).
An assessment of the applicability to wastewater and groundwater sources for each technology was provided. The relative performance of the treatment and disposal options is rated based on the performance, amount of water recovered, water quality produced, design flexibility and implementability, technology footprint, amount of waste minimization, hazardous wastes/environmental concerns, chemical usage/handling and safety, proven technology, regulatory complexity, maintenance and labor requirements, aesthetics and public acceptance, and ease of use.