By P. Dicken
Confident empiricism is not only a view in regards to the objective of technological know-how; it's also a view concerning the epistemological framework during which one should still debate the purpose of technology. this can be the focal point of this ebook – no longer with clinical fact, yet with how one may still argue approximately medical fact.
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Extra info for Constructive Empiricism: Epistemology and the Philosophy of Science
More to the point, it is also clear that constructive empiricism – as it has been articulated and defended by van Fraassen – cannot make any epistemological claims regarding the nature of science. This follows from the broader epistemological project within which it is to be situated. According to van Fraassen’s so-called voluntarist epistemology, rationality is to be considered as a matter of permission rather than obligation, where one is rationally entitled to believe anything that one is not rationally compelled to disbelieve.
And so it is with the traditional and voluntarist conceptions of rationality. For the scientiﬁc realist, there are certain beliefs that one is allowed to hold (relative to a particular set of data), and there are certain inferences that one is allowed to make; and anything else (such as the constructive empiricist’s doxastic dilettantism) is therefore deemed irrational. For the constructive empiricist, there are certain beliefs that one is forbidden to hold (relative to a particular set of data), and there are certain inferences that one is forbidden to make; and anything else (counterfactual inequality, refusing to infer the truth of one’s best explanations) is all that one could hope to mean by ‘rational’.
My subjective probability for coming to believe the theory of evolution even though the theory of evolution is false should therefore be: Pt (E) × Pt (¬H) = 0. 4 × 0. 6 = 0. 2 as stated above. In short, the distribution of subjective probabilities in the diachronic Dutch-book argument is inconsistent with the Reﬂection Principle; and any agent who respects the Reﬂection Principle will therefore be immune from the sort of incoherence these arguments generate. The ﬁnal steps of the argument then proceed rather swiftly.