By John Swain
At its most sensible incapacity stories is an area of serious debate addressing arguable concerns touching on, not only the that means of incapacity, however the nature of society, dominant values, caliber of lifestyles, or even the best to dwell. certainly, incapacity reports is itself the topic of controversy, by way of its theoretical foundation and who controls classes and learn and even if it may be formed and regulated via disabled teachers or grassroots activists. inside those debates, generated by way of the social version of incapacity, are primary demanding situations to coverage, provision perform which are at once appropriate to all who paintings with disabled humans, even if within the box of social paintings, healthiness or schooling.
Controversial matters in a Disabling Society has been written in particular to elevate questions and stimulate debate. it's been designed to be used with scholars in crew dialogue, and to help in-depth learn on quite a few expert classes. It covers a variety of particular, substantial concerns inside of incapacity stories in a sequence of succinct chapters. every one bankruptcy units a question for debate, locations the most important matters in context and provides a selected argument. this can be an obtainable and fascinating publication which demanding situations dominant positions and ideologies from a social version point of view of incapacity.
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In each condition, the children also had to refrain from misleading or obstructing a puppet co-operator who helped the child. In this experiment the children with autism proved surprisingly competent at sabotage but largely incapable of deception. Such well designed experiments would appear to render explanations of autistic failure in terms of methodological artifacts untenable. Russell and his colleagues (Russell et al. 1991, Hughes & Russell 1993) propose an alternative psychological theory of autism, which centres on the child’s “inability to disengage from the object”.
Suggested reading Rutter, M. Schopler 1987. Autism and pervasive developmental disorders: conceptual and diagnostic issues. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 17, 159–86. Wing, L. 1988. The continuum of autistic characteristics. Mcsibov (eds), 91–110. New York: Plenum Press. Chapter 4 Autism at the biological level The psychogenic myth Bettelheim (1956, 1967) was the source of the “refrigerator mother” theory—the idea that children become autistic as a maladaptive response to a threatening and unloving environment.
Damasio & Maurer 1978, Panksepp & Shaley 1987, Dawson & Lewy 1989, Dawson 1991) and are reviewed elsewhere (Pennington & Welsh 1994). Three commonly accepted criteria for assessing the primacy of a deficit are universality among sufferers of the disorder, specificity to the disorder, and causal precedence in the disorder. In addition, as mentioned in Chapter 5, theories of autism must steer a course between explaining too little—in effect merely describing features—and explaining too much. People with autism show a strikingly uneven profile of abilities, and show islets of unimpaired or even superior skills which require explanation just as much as do the striking handicaps.