Coping With Flash Floods by Eve Gruntfest, John Handmer

By Eve Gruntfest, John Handmer

This quantity is the court cases of a NATO-sponsored complicated examine Institute (ASI) entitled "Coping with Flash Floods" held in Ravello, Italy on 8-17 November 1999. Thirty-five individuals from 9 international locations attended the ASI, representing either constructed (United States, England, Italy, and Mexico) and constructing (Poland, Uganda, Greece, Ukraine, and Slovenia) nations. contributors from a number of professions and disciplines have been concerned together with a hydraulics engineering professor from Slovenia, 4 individuals from the Polish Institute of Meteorology and Water administration, and a U. S. Geological Survey learn hydrologist from Puerto Rico. even though the ASI used to be formally composed of teachers and scholars, those roles have been blurred as everybody shared details and concepts, and realized from the opposite members through the 10 days. one of many highlights of the ASI was once the collaborative attempt of members from varied international locations and disciplines. It used to be quite notable that the 2 engineers from Greece made the main passionate pleas for long-term sustainable suggestions to flash floods. a different instance is that whereas there have been in basic terms 3 individuals with social technological know-how backgrounds, many of the thoughts specialize in the coverage and societal priorities, greater than the engineering, hydrologic or meteorologic efforts.

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To simplify the procedure within real-time applications, the lumped model is often preferred. However, physically based distributed models can be used to validate the hydrological lumped model and also to calibrate the soil moisture as an initial condition in the forecasting procedure. By using spatially distributed representations of soil hydrological properties and applying the distributed hydrological model, it is also possible to evaluate the soil saturation dynamics in the river basin. The model results, in terms of soil saturation maps, can be calibrated by using soil moisture indexes as derived from remote sensing data [II].

Burt, 405-435, John Wiley, New York. 10. Beven, K. (1989) Changing ideas in hydrology - The case of physically-based models, J. ofHydro I. , 105, 157-172. 1. 35 II. , and Profeti, G. (1998) Application of Landsat TM data to evaluate soil hydrological status in the Arno basin, Italy: preliminary results. Atti dell' European Symposium on Remote Sensingfor Agriculture, Ecosystems, and Hydrology, SPIE Proceedings Series 3499, 52:57. 12. W. (1988) Applied hydrology. McGraw Hill. 13. S. (1997) The integration of the Areal Mean Basin Estimated Rainfall (AMBER) flash flood warning system with automated rain gage data.

1980) Meteorological characteristics of heavy precipitation and flash flood events over the western United States. NOAA Technical Memorandum ERL APCL-23, Boulder, CO, 87 pp. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (1988) Meteorological analysis of the Cheyenne, Wyoming flash flood and hailstorm of I August 1985. NOAA Technical Report ERL 435-FSL /, Boulder, CO, 51 pp. Rosso R. (1994) An Introduction to spatially distributed modeling of basin response. " Water Resources Publications :1:30.

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