By Peter Ho
Developmental Dilemmas singles out land as an item of research and areas it within the context of 1 of the world's biggest and so much populous international locations present process institutional reform: the People's Republic of China. The e-book demonstrates that personal estate secure by means of legislation, the primary of 'getting-the-prices-right', and the emergence of successfully functioning markets are the end result of a given society's old improvement and institutional cloth. Peter Ho argues that the profitable construction of recent associations hinges partially on selection and timing when it comes to the actual constellation of societal, fiscal, political and cultural parameters. brushing off those may perhaps bring about emerging inequality, undesirable land stewardship, and the eruption of land-related grievances.
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Extra info for Developmental Dilemmas: Land Reform and Institutional Change in China
19 due to the rapid increase in the number of workers. The primary mechanism that moved this vast rural labor surplus from the farm to the rural industrial sector, argues Pei, was neither the planned system nor markets, but collective land ownership. Part III, “Rethinking property rights: natural resources and gender,” looks at property rights reform in relation to issues that have received less scholarly attention: the management of natural resources such as rangeland and forest, and just as important, the impact of land reform to rural women.
For one thing, this determination has succeeded in smothering secret hopes of former owners or their descendants for a return of expropriated land. A much thornier question is the recognition of collective ownership. This might sound a little odd for a country whose rural sector a few decades ago was still organized around communes, brigades and teams. A major source of land disputes stems from the fact that in Maoist China, the rural collective—particularly the natural village—was too weak an Introduction: the chicken of institutions or the egg of reforms?
The Communist Party’s Central Policy Research Office found that tenure was everything but secure: in all 274 sample villages, the local authorities had readjusted land distribution rights since the first lease after decollectivization. 26 Chinese politicians, economists and social scientists warned that persisting tenure insecurity would inevitably lead to low investments in, and eventually, the squandering of land resources. After over a decade of local experimentation with land lease with little intervention from above, the national authorities decided that the time had come for a strong pro- Introduction: the chicken of institutions or the egg of reforms?