By Supachai Vongbunyong, Wei Hua Chen
This e-book offers a few features to be thought of within the improvement of disassembly automation, together with the mechanical procedure, imaginative and prescient process and clever planner. The implementation of cognitive robotics raises the flexibleness and measure of autonomy of the disassembly approach. Disassembly, as a step within the therapy of end-of-life items, can let the restoration of embodied price left inside of disposed items, in addition to the perfect separation of potentially-hazardous elements. within the end-of-life remedy undefined, disassembly has mostly been constrained to guide exertions, that is pricey in built nations. Automation is one attainable answer for financial feasibility. the objective viewers basically contains researchers and specialists within the box, however the e-book can also be worthy for graduate students.
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Additional resources for Disassembly Automation: Automated Systems with Cognitive Abilities
Even though the screws can be removed without damage, (semi-) destructive approaches are usually advantageous economically. The semi-destructive approach is more feasible for automated disassembly due to its greater reliability. Seliger et al.  developed an automatic tool capable of unscrewing various types of screws, including those with damaged heads. The tool employs a pneumatic impact unit to create slots on the screw head. These slots become new active surfaces where torque can be transmitted, hence, allowing the unscrewing operation regardless of the shape and type of the screw.
This system is modelled and controlled by a multi-agent system (MAS). ElSayed et al.  use GA to generate an optimal disassembly sequence according a supplied bill-of-materials (BOM) and components detected in real time. Relations defined in the original BOM must be preserved. In conclusion, the existing adaptive planners deal with many types of uncertainty experienced during the disassembly process. The uncertainties relate to variations in the component conditions that deviate from the ideal case.
In addition, voltage and resistance measurement at the battery contacts is done via the conductive contacts in the grippers’ jaws. Seliger et al.  developed a disassembly tool with a “screwnail” end-effector for removing the cover of products. The key advantage is to overcome the geometrical uncertainties of products. 10. The sharp “nail” tips secure the tool on the component rotationally, while the “screw” is driven into the material, securing it in the lateral direction. The screw is turned in the opposite direction to separate the tool from the product cover.